Electrical fires in our homes claim the lives of 500 Americans each year and injure 2,300 more and cause $1.5 billion in property damage. One in seven home fires is an electrical fire. Some of these fires are caused by electrical system failures and appliance defects, but many more are caused by the misuse and poor maintenance of electrical appliances, incorrectly installed wiring, and overloaded circuits and extension cords. Electrical fires tend to happen more frequently in older homes.
Replace or repair loose or frayed cords on all electrical devices.
Avoid running extension cords across doorways or under carpets.
In homes with small children, unused wall sockets and extension-cord receptacles should have plastic safety covers.
Consider having additional circuits or outlets added by a qualified electrician so you do not have to use extension cords.
Follow the manufacturer's instructions for plugging an appliance into a receptacle outlet.
Avoid overloading outlets. Plug only one high-wattage appliance into each receptacle outlet at a time.
If outlets or switches feel warm, shut off the circuit and have them checked by an electrician.
When possible, avoid the use of "cube taps" and other devices that allow the connection of multiple appliances into a single receptacle.
Place lamps on level surfaces, away from things that can burn and use bulbs that match the lamp's recommended wattage.